The structure of the gas market is still highly monopolized. This is due to dominance in the market PGNiG Capital Group -, which directly or through its subsidiaries conducts all the aforementioned activities, covering 98% of the market. The Polish gas market is practically the market of one seller. In the absence of competition, prices on the market are subject to tariffs and approval by the President of the Energy Regulatory Office (URE).
On July 1, 2007, the PGNiG Group organized the legal and technical separation of its activities, i.e. separation of the technical transfer of gas from its sale. This is the result of the implementation of the provisions of the Energy Law. As a result of commercial separation of customer service, Gas Companies are currently dealing with the technical distribution of gas, acting as the Distribution System Operators (DSO). The Gas Trading Divisions (Dolnośląski, Karpacki, Wielkopolska, Pomorski, Górnośląski and Mazowiecki) constitute a separate organizational structure of PGNiG, which operates 23 gasworks and over 300 Customer Service Offices throughout the country.
Liberalization of the natural gas market
Creation of a single, virtual gas purchase point in Poland by Gaz-System, and the launch of gas sales at the Polish Power Exchange have created a basis for its liberalization. Another important change was the introduction of a statutory bond and the subsequent division of PGNiG into two companies. As a result, liquidity on the stock market has increased significantly, and for all gas trading companies in Poland comparable conditions have been created for the purchase of natural gas.
More information on the divisi on of gas market